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University Entrance Exam --> Exercise --> Reading Comprehension

Read the passage and choose the correct answer:

Millions of people are using cellphones today. In many places, it is actually considered unusual not to use one. In many countries, cellphones are very popular with young people. They find that the phones are more than a means of communication - having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected.
The explosion in mobile phone use around the world has made some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.
On the other hand, medical studies have shown changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones. Signs of change in the tissues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at young age because of serious memory loss. He couldn't remember even simple tasks. He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer's doctor didn't agree.
What is it that makes mobile phones potentially harmful? The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.
As the discussion about their safety continues, it appears that it's best to use mobile phones less often. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time. Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it's wise not to use your mobile phone too often.


1. According to the passage, cellphones are especially popular with young people because ................
A. they cannot be replaced by regular phones
B. they are indispensable in everyday communications
C. they make them look more stylish
D. they keep the users alert all the time
Explain:


2. The changes possibly caused by the cellphones are mainly concerned with ................
A. the mobility of the mind and the body
B. the resident memory
C. the arteries of the brain
D. the smallest units of the brain
Explain:


3. The word "means" in the passage most closely means ................
A. expression
B. transmission
C. method
D. meanings
Explain:


4. The word "potentially" in the passage most closely means ................
A. certainly
B. privately
C. obviously
D. possibly
Explain:


5. "Negative publicity" in the passage most likely means ................
A. poor ideas about the effects of cellphones
B. the negative public use of cellphones
C. information on the lethal effects of cellphones
D. widespread opinion about bad effects of cellphones
Explain:


6. Doctors have tentatively concluded that cellphones may ................
A. damage their users' emotions
B. change their users' temperament
C. cause some mental malfunction
D. change their users' social behaviours
Explain:


7. The man mentioned in the passage, who used his cellphone too often, ................
A. had a problem with memory
B. could no longer think lucidly
C. suffered serious loss of mental ability
D. abandoned his family
Explain:


8. According to the passage, what makes mobile phones potentially harmful is ................
A. their power of attraction
B. their raiding power
C. their invisible rays
D. their radiant light
Explain:


9. According to the writer, people should ................
A. only use mobile phones in urgent cases
B. only use mobile phones in medical emergencies
C. never use mobile phones in all cases
D. keep off mobile phones regularly
Explain:


10. The most suitable title for the passage could be ................
A. The Way Mobile Phones Work
B. The Reasons Why Mobile Phones Are Popular
C. Technological Innovations and Their Price
D. Mobile Phones: A Must of Our Time
Explain:
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