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University Entrance Exam --> Exercise --> Reading Comprehension

Read the passage and choose the correct answer:

During the 19th century, women in the U. S organized and participated in a large number of reform movements, including movements to reorganize the prison system, improve education, ban the sale of alcohol, and most importantly to free slaves. Some women saw similarities in the social status of women and slaves. Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone were feminists and abolitionists who supported the rights of both women and blacks. A number of male abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips also supported the rights of women to speak and participate equally with men in anti- slavery activities. Probably more than any other movement, abolitionism offered women a previously denied entry into politics. They became involved primarily in order to better their living conditions and the conditions of others.
When the Civil war ended in 1865, the 14th, and 15th, Amendments to the Constitution adopted in 1868 and 1870 granted citizenship and suffrage to blacks but not to women. Discouraged but resolved, feminists influenced more and more women to demand the right to vote. In 1869, the Wyoming Territory had yielded to demands by feminists, but eastern states resisted more stubbornly than ever before. A woman's suffrage bill had been presented to every Congress since 1878 but it continually failed to pass until 1920, when the 19th Amendment granted women the right to vote.

1. What is the topic of the passage?
A. The Wyoming Territory
B. Abolitionists
C. Women's suffrage
D. The 14th and 15th Amendment

2. What is not among the reformation movements of women?
A. passing the laws
B. reorganizing the prison
C. prohibiting the sale of alcohol
D. freeing the slaves

3. According to the passage, why did women become active in politics?
A. to improve the conditions of life that existed at the time
B. to amend the Declaration of Independence
C. to support Elizabeth Cady Stanton
D. to be elected to public office

4. The word" primarily" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ................
A. always
B. somewhat
C. finally
D. above all

5. What had occurred shortly after the Civil War?
A. The eastern states resisted the end of the war.
B. The Wyoming territory was admitted to the Union.
C. Black people were granted the right to vote.
D. A women's suffrage bill was introduced in Congress.

6. The word "suffrage" in paragraph 2 could be best replaced by ................
A. right to vote
B. pain
C. citizenship
D. freedom

7. What does the 19th Amendment guarantee?
A. Voting rights for women
B. Citizenship for women
C. Voting rights for blacks
D. Citizenship for blacks

8. When were women allowed to vote throughout the US?
A. After 1878
B. After 1920
C. After 1870
D. After 1866

9. What is wrong about William Lloyd Garrison?
A. He was living at the same time with Lucy Stone and Wendell Phillip.
B. He believed in equality between men and women.
C. He supported the rights of women.
D. He used to be a slave.

10. What cannot be inferred from the passage?
A. The blacks were given the right to vote before women.
B. A women's suffrage bill had been discussed in the Congress for 50 years.
C. The abolitionists believed in anti- slavery activities.
D. The eastern states did not like the idea of women's right to vote.
Score: 0/10
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