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University Entrance Exam --> Exercise --> Structure

Choose the sentence that is suitable or closest in meaning to each of the following questions:


1. We didn′t go on holiday last year because we didn′t have enough money.
A. If we hadn't had enough money, we wouldn't have gone on holiday last year.
B. If we had had enough money, we would have gone on holiday last year.
C. Unless we had enough money, we would go on holiday last year.
D. If we hadn't had enough money, we would have gone on holiday last year.
Explain:


2. No sooner had she put the telephone down than her boss rang back.
A. Hardly she had hung up, she rang her boss immediately.
B. As soon as her boss rang back, she put down the telephone.
C. Scarcely had she put the telephone down when her boss rang back.
D. She had hardly put the telephone down without her boss rang back.
Explain:


3. "Would you like to come to my birthday party, Sarah?" asked Frederic.
A. Frederic asked if Sarah was able to come to his birthday party.
B. Frederic invited Sarah to his birthday party.
C. Frederic reminded Sarah of his coming birthday party.
D. Frederic asked Sarah if she liked his birthday party or not.
Explain:


4. Is it essential to meet your aunt at the station?
A. Did your aunt have to be met at the station?
B. Was your aunt met at the station?
C. Does your aunt have to be met at the station?
D. Does your aunt have to meet at the station?
Explain:


5. opinion / election / fair
A. According to my opinion, the election was fair.
B. In my opinion, the election was fair.
C. In my opinion, I think the election was fair.
D. My opinion was fair about the election.
Explain:


6. Before we can judge a government′s success, we have to decide the criteria, such as unemployment, defense, or taxation.
A. We cannot decide on criteria on unemployment, defense and taxation unless we have judged a government's success.
B. Unemployment, defense and taxation are the criteria upon which we can judge a government's success.
C. We should judge a government's success on the basis of the following criteria: unemployment, defense and taxation.
D. We cannot judge a government's success without first deciding the relevant criteria, such as unemployment, defense or taxation.
Explain:


7. ............... as taste is really a composite sense made up of both taste and smell.
A. What do we refer to
B. What we refer to
C. That we refer to it
D. To which we refer
Explain:


8. Somebody accused me of stealing money.
A. I was accused of stealing money by somebody.
B. I was accused by somebody of stealing money.
C. I was accused of stealing money.
D. I was accused stealing money.
Explain:


9. Because they erected a barn, the cattle couldn′t get out into the wheat field.
A. They erected a barn, and as a result, the cattle couldn't get out into the wheat field.
B. In order not to keep the cattle away from the wheat field, they erected a barn.
C. They erected a barn in case the cattle couldn't get out into the wheat field.
D. They erected a barn so that the cattle would get into the wheat field.
Explain:


10. She hoped to find the lost book. She searched everywhere.
A. Being hoped to find the lost book, she searched everywhere.
B. Hoping to find the lost book, she searched everywhere.
C. Hoped to find the lost book, she searched everywhere.
D. Hopes to find the lost book, she searched everywhere.
Explain:
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