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High School Grad Exam --> Exercise --> Reading Comprehension

Read the passage and choose the correct answer:

A combination of water, salt, air pollution, sun, sand, and wind is destroying the huge statue just outside Cairo. This five-thousand-year-old statue, which has the body of a lion and the face of a human being, is too badly damaged to be completely saved. First, there is not a good drainage system around the statue and too much water has been running into the stone statue for several years. As a result, tiny pieces of salt have been left on the stone and have damaged it. Second, air pollution from the increasing amount of traffic in Cairo is also destroying the ancient statue. The air is so full of poisonous gases that it is damaging the statue even faster. Third, the statue is being destroyed by extremes of temperature. The air is very cold at night, but during the day the stone of the statue becomes very hot under the strong sunlight. Other natural forces such as severe sandstorms attack the statue as well. Finally, the tourists who visit the statue every day also cause a lot of damage to it.

1. Which of the following is NOT true about the statue?
A. It is in the centre of Cairo.
B. Part of it looks like a person.
C. It is very big.
D. It is badly damaged.

2. According to the passage, the statue was built ................
A. in the 5th century
B. 500 years ago
C. in the 10th century
D. 5,000 years ago

3. All of the following are mentioned as causes of damage to the statue EXCEPT ................
A. tourists
B. temperature
C. fires
D. air pollution

4. The word “ancient” in the passage mostly means ................
A. very old
B. very big
C. beautiful
D. modern

5. It can be inferred from the text that ................
A. tiny pieces of salt have been put on the statue to prevent damage
B. human beings as well as nature cause much damage to the statue
C. the statue was built for entertainment many years ago
D. there is little damage to the statue
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