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IELTS Lesson - Multiple Choice Questions

 
Objectives:
·        To practice IELTS multiple choice questions
·        To practice scanning techniques
·        To practice skimming techniques
·        To look at the use of synonyms in IELTS reading questions
 
Strategies to answer the questions
1.    Look through the questions first
2.    Underline key words from the question
3.    Then scan the text for those key words that you have underlined
4.    The answer should be found close to that word
5.    The answers will be found in the text in the same order as the questions
 
Things to beware of
There will be synonyms used in the reading - the words in the IELTS multiple choice questions may not be the same as in the text
 
Identifying the question type
Before you start any reading passage, you should firstly take a look at the question stems to get an idea of what you may need to look out for.
So now look at the IELTS reading multiple choice questions below this reading.
If you look at the question stems, you will see that names are often mentioned e.g. James Alan Fox, John J. DiIulio, Michael Tonry. So this immediately tells you it is a good idea to underline 'names' as you read the text.
You will then be able to quickly scan the text later to find where the answers are.
Looking at the question stems first also gives you an idea of what the reading is about.
 
Underline / highlight key words
As you read the text, you should get into the habit of highlighting words that you think may be important and will help you find answers later.
These are often nouns like names, dates, numbers or any other key words that stand out as a key topic of that paragraph.
Looking at the IELTS reading multiple choice questions quickly first may help with this.
 
IELTS Reading Multiple Choice Questions
This type of question follows the order of the text. So when you have found one answer, you know that the next one will be below, and probably not too far away.
When you start looking at the questions, you should underline key words in the question stem to help you find the answers in the text.
Look at the IELTS reading multiple choice questions again - as you will see, key words have been highlighted. You can use these to help you scan the text to find the answers more quickly.
 
Reading in detail
When you read the text for the first time, you should focus on the topic sentences, and skim the rest of the paragraph.
But once you start answering the IELTS reading multiple choice questions and you have found where the answer is, you will need to read the text carefully in order to identify the correct choice.
Tip: Do not think that just because you have found some words in the multiple choices (a, b or c) that match the words in the text that this must be the right answer. It's usually not that simple so you must read the section where you think the answer is carefully.
 
One Paragraph Practice Exercise
Before looking at a longer reading, we'll have a practice with two paragraphs. It is the first part of the full reading you will do.
Identify the key word in the question first of all. Then scan the text to find it. When you have done this, read the sentences around this key word and see what information best matches the three choices you have.
Top of Form
1.    What is dry farming?
(A) Preserving nitrates and moisture.
(B) Ploughing the land again and again.
(C) Cultivating fallow land.
 
Bottom of Form
Australian Agricultural Innovations:
1850 – 1900
During this period, there was a wide spread expansion of agriculture in Australia. The selection system was begun, whereby small sections of land were parceled out by lot. Particularly in New South Wales, this led to conflicts between small holders and the emerging squatter class, whose abuse of the system often allowed them to take vast tracts of fertile land.
 
There were also many positive advances in farming technology as the farmers adapted agricultural methods to the harsh Australian conditions. One of the most important was “dry farming”. This was the discovery that repeated ploughing of fallow, unproductive land could preserve nitrates and moisture, allowing the land to eventually be cultivated. This, along with the extension of the railways allowed the development of what are now great inland wheat lands.
To answer this question you should have highlighted the word dry farming. You should then have been able to scan the two paragraphs to quickly find this word. Reading the information around it more carefully would the give you the answer: Cultivating means to improve and prepare (land) by ploughing or fertilizing, for raising crops.
So the answer was "the ploughing of fallow land...to eventually be cultivated."



 
THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE
 
It is one of the few places where you will be able to spot them all at the same time... the Arabian wolf, an African cheetah, an Arabian leopard, an oryx, a gazelle. These are just some of the animals, which, on the brink of extinction, are now getting a new lease of life thanks to the exemplary work being done at the Breeding Centre for Endangered Arabian Wildlife in Sharjah.
Sharjah is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. The Breeding Centre’s expertise and facilities have made it a prime destination for illegally imported animals confiscated by UAE and Sharjah authorities. In the last four years, more than 900 mammals and reptiles and 969 birds have arrived at the centre, including 25 North African cheetahs, Houbara bustard and falcons, lions, a baby Nile crocodile and a Burmese python that was left in a rental car at the airport.
 
The 25 cheetahs were all imported illegally into the UAE and were intercepted at the UAE harbour and airport entry points. They nearly all arrived malnourished, dehydrated and highly stressed after long voyages stuffed into boxes, crates and suitcases. Now they are bright and full of energy. The Centre’s efforts have also been rewarded when the first cheetah mating took place at the end of 2002. Playing matchmaker with these beautiful creatures is no easy task – successful breeding requires considerable patience and intimate knowledge of each animal’s personality, and it is the result of intensive and expert management of each animal within the group as well as of the group as a whole.
 
Because this group was still young and inexperienced in courtship matters, the keepers had to make the introductions only after careful planning and management, much like the lead role in a Jane Austen novel. The female cheetahs were initially intimidated by the presence of the male; however, as they advance to oestrus, the roles are reversed and the male cheetah becomes too wary to approach during the female’s most receptive phase of the cycle. It is the responsibility of the keeper therefore to monitor each individual and to be able to respond to any indication from the cheetahs that the time is right for introducing a pair. The close bond that invariably develops between the keeper and the cheetahs enables the keeper to spot even the most subtle signs from the animals in their care. The trust between keeper and animal has also allowed the opportunity to study cellular changes in the sexual organs of the females during the hormonal cycles that occur prior to reproduction.
 
The Breeding Centre’s cheetahs are also participants in the European breeding programme, which aims to ensure that the genetic diversity of this endangered species is maintained and expanded by breeding as many founder animals as possible to introduce new bloodlines into the captive population. In this way, the group held at the centre plays a very important role in the future health of the international captive population, as they are potentially all new founders.
 
Also very important for the Sharjah Breeding Centre is the leopard-breeding programme. The Arabian leopard, Panthera pardus nimr, is critically endangered around the world and particularly in the Arabian peninsula, where it was once found throughout the coastal mountain ranges. Activities like hunting, trapping and habitat destruction has reduced their range to a few isolated and fragmented populations in Oman, Yemen and Saudi Arabia.
 
In the 1980s, a captive breeding programme was established near Muscat with the capture of three leopards in southwestern Oman. The breeding programme in the UAE was initiated by the Arabian Leopard Trust and started with the arrival of two mature specimens: a male Arabian leopard from Yemen and a female on breeding loan from Oman in 1995. The arrival of these two animals led to the construction of the Breeding Centre in which the leopard has played the role of flagship species.
Today there are twelve leopards at the Breeding centre, eight of which have been born at the centre since the first cub in 1998. Once more, the secret to the centre’s success is the close relationship between animal and keeper. The leopard is usually shy and secretive with people around, but here they react positively to the presence of their keepers, approaching the fence so they can be talked to or scratched behind an ear.
 
The bond is particularly important during breeding season, when keepers decide to introduce pairs to each other. Male leopards are known to have killed their partners on introduction, so it is essential for the keeper to understand the leopards’ behaviour to decide when it is safe to do so. The trust is also important if keepers need to enter dens to check on and monitor the cub’s growth. Leopard females have been known to kill their cubs if the dens have been disturbed, but the centre’s leopards are quite comfortable with the staff handling the new generation of cubs.
Source: The Gulf News, UAE

 
 

Choose a correct statement for the animals.

1. These animals were smuggled into the UAE.
A. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
B. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
C. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
D. If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:


2. At first these animals did not adapt to life at the Sharjah Breeding Centre.
A. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
B. If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
C. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
D. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:


3. These animals are regarded as the most important animal at the Centre.
A. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
B. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
C. If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
D. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:


4. Half of these animals were born at the Breeding centre.
A. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
B. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
C. If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
D. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:


5. These animals can be dangerous to one another.
A. if the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
B. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
C. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
D. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:


6. The role of the keeper is vital in the breeding programme of these animals.
A. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
B. If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
C. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
D. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:


7. The first of these animals at the Breeding Centre were relatively young.
A. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
B. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
C. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
D. If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:


8. It is normally difficult for humans to approach these animals.
A. if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
B. if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
C. If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
D. if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Explain:
Total: 21 page(s)
Score: 0/10
No.DateRight ScoreTotal Score
 
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