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MODEL TEST - GENERAL TRAINING IELTS
(Time: 90 minutes)
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Section 1

Script:

You will hear a man asking for information about health services in the place where he’s living.

 
WOMAN:   Can I help you?
MAN:        Yes, I’ve just moved to this area with my wife and children and I’d like to know where we can all register with a doctor at a Health Centre.
WOMAN:   Okay. Well, there’s Doctor Green at The Harvey Clinic. We always recommend her for babies, because she’s very good with them and she runs a special clinic.
MAN:        Oh ... actually my youngest child is five, so that wouldn’t be any good for us.
WOMAN:   Right.
MAN:        Is there anywhere else I could try?
WOMAN:   Yes, the Eshcol Health Practice is the next one on my list.
MAN:        How do you spell that?
WOMAN:   E-S-H-C-O-L. And it’s Doctor Fuller, who has space on his list. The clinic only opened a year ago, so the facilities are all very modern.
MAN:        That sounds good.
WOMAN:   And it’s particularly good if you’re busy during the day, because they also do appointments in the evening. They’re closed on Saturday, though.
               The only other place on the list is the Health Centre on Shore Lane. You can register with Doctor Gormley, that’s G-O-R-M-L-E-Y. He’s new there, but the centre has a very good reputation.
MAN:        Oh yes, I think I know the road. That would be the best one. Thanks.

Complete the table below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
 
Health Centres
Name of centre
Doctor’s name
Advantage
The Harvey Clinic
Dr (1) ...........
especially good with (2) ...........     
The (3) ........... Health Practice
Dr Fuller
offers (4) ........... appointments
The Shore Lane Health Centre
Dr (5) ...........
 
1.
Eshcol babies Green evening Gormley


(1)  
(2)  
(3)  
(4)  
(5)  



Script:

MAN:        Could you tell me, will all their services be free?

WOMAN:   Erm ... there are usually some small charges that doctors make. Let me see what it says about the Shore Lane Centre. If you need to be vaccinated before any trips abroad, you won’t have to pay for this. Erm, what else? The sports injury treatment service operates on a paying basis, as does the nutritional therapy service. Some health centres do offer alternative therapies like homeopathy as part of their pay-to-use service. Shore Lane are hoping to do this soon - I think they may start with acupuncture. And finally, if you need to prove you’re healthy or haven’t had any serious injuries before a new employer will accept you, you can get a free fitness check-up there, but you’d most likely have to pay for insurance medicals though.
MAN:        Okay, thanks.

Choose TWO correct answer choices.
1. Which TWO of the following are offered free of charge at Shore Lane Health Centre?
A. travel advice
B. vaccinations
C. sports injury therapy
D. employment medicals
E. acupuncture
Explain:
Section 2

Script:

You will hear part of a radio program about the opening of a new local sport shop.

 
Andrew: Now we go to Jane who is going to tell us about what’s happening in town this weekend.
Jane: Right, thanks Andrew, and now on to what’s new, and do we really need yet another sports shop in Bradcaster? Well, most of you probably know Sports World - the branch of a Danish sports goods company that opened a few years ago - it’s attracted a lot of custom, and so the company has now decided to open another branch in the area. It’s going to be in the shopping centre to the west of Bradcaster, so that will be good news for all of you who’ve found the original shop in the north of the town hard to get to.
 
I was invited to a special preview and I can promise you, this is the ultimate in sports retailing. The whole place has been given a new minimalist look with the company’s signature colours of black and red. The first three floors have a huge range of sports clothing as well as equipment, and on the top floor there’s a cafe and a book and DVD section. You’ll find all the well-known names as well as some less well-known ones. If they haven’t got exactly what you want in stock they promise to get it for you in ten days. Unlike the other store, where it can take up to fourteen days. They cover all the major sports, including football, tennis and swimming, but they particularly focus on running and they claim to have the widest range of equipment in the country. As well as that, a whole section of the third floor is devoted to sports baas including the latest designs from the States - if you can’t find what you want here, it doesn’t exist!

Complete the notes below. Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER  for each answer.
 
SPORTS WORLD
- a new (1).......... of an international sports goods company
- located in the shopping centre to the (2).......... of Bradcaster
- has sports (3).......... and equipment on floors 1-3
- can get you any item within (4).......... days
- shop specialises in equipment for (5)..........
- has a special section which just sells (6)..........
1.
clothing running branch 10 / ten bags west


(1)  
(2)  
(3)  
(4)  
(5)  
(6)  



Script:

Jane: The shop will be open from 9.00 am this Saturday and if you go along to the opening then you’ll have the chance to meet the national 400 metres running champion Paul King, who’s coming along to open the shop, and he will be staying around until about midday to chat to any fans who want to meet him and sign autographs.

 
Then there will be a whole range of special attractions all weekend. There will be free tickets for local sporting events for the first 50 customers, and also a special competition open to all. Just answer fifteen out of twenty sports questions correctly to win a signed copy of Paul King’s DVD ‘Spring Tips’, while the first person to get all the questions correct gets a year’s free membership of the Bradcaster Gym. All entrants will receive a special Sports calendar with details of all Bradcaster fixtures in the coming year.
 
One of the special opening offers is a fitness test - a complete review of your cardiac fitness and muscle tone, actually done in the shop by qualified staff. This would normally cost £30.00 but is available at half price for this month only. There are only a limited number of places available for this, so to make a booking phone 560341. In addition, if you open an account you get lots more special offers including the chance to try out equipment at special open evenings ...

Choose correct answer choices for the following questions. 
1. A champion athlete will be in the shop
A. on Saturday morning only
B. all day Saturday
C. for the whole weekend
Explain:
2. The first person to answer 20 quiz questions correctly will win
A. gym membership
B. a video
C. a calendar
Explain:
3. Which TWO pieces of information does the speaker give about the fitness test?
A. It takes place in a special clinic.
B. It is cheaper this month
C. You get advice on how to improve your health
D. You need to reserve a place
E. It is free to account holders
Explain:
Section 3

Script:

 You will hear two students Sharon and Xiao Li talking to their tutor about the presentation they gave the previous week.

 

Tutor: So. Sharon and Xiao Li, in your presentation last week you were talking about the digital divide - the gap between those who can effectively use communication tools such as the Internet, and those who can't. And you compared the situation here in Northern Ireland with South-East China. Right, so I asked you to do some sell evaluation, watching the video of your presentation and thinking about the three main criteria you're assessed by - content, structure and technique. What do you think was the strongest feature of the presentation, when you watched it? Sharon?
Sharon: Well. I was surprised actually, because I felt quite nervous but, when I watched the video, it didn't show as much as I expected.
Tutor: So which of the criteria would that come under?
Sharon: Er, confidence?
Tutor: That’s not actually one of the criteria as such Xiao Li?
Xiao Li: Technique? It's body language and eye contact, isn't it. Well, I didn't think I looked all that confident, but I think, that our technique was generally good like the way we designed and used the Powerpoint slides.
Tutor: Mmm. So you both feel happiest about that side of the presentation? OK, now on the negative side, what would you change if you could do it again?
Xiao Li: Well, at first I'd thought that the introduction was going to be the problem but actually I think that was OK. We defined our terms and identified key issues It was more towards the end... the conclusion wasn't too bad but the problem was the questions, we hadn’t really expected there'd be any so we hadn't thought about them that much.
Tutor: Uhuh OK. Anything else?
Sharon: Well, like Xiao Li says, I thought the conclusion was OK, but when I watched us on the video I thought the section on solutions seemed rather weak.
Tutor: Mmm. Can you think why?
Sharon: Well, we explained what people are doing about the digital divide in China and Northern Ireland but I suppose we didn't really evaluate any of the projects or ideas, it was just a list. And that was what people were asking us about at the end, mostly.

 Answer the questions below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

1.
questions/the questions/students' questions/answering the questions/answering students' questions the technique/their technique the solutions/their solutions


What do Sharon and Xiao Li agree was the strongest aspect of their presentation?  

Which part of their presentation was Xiao Li least happy with?  

Which section does Sharon feel they should have discussed in more depth?  


Script:

 Tutor: OK. Now, I also asked you to get some peer evaluation, from the other students.

Sharon: Yes, er, well, people said it was interesting, like the fact that in China the Internet was used more for shopping than in Northern Ireland. They said sometimes it was a bit hard to understand because we were talking quite fast... but we didn't think so when we watched the video.

Tutor: No, it’s a bit different though, because you know all this information already. Mmm. If you're hearing it for the first time, you need more time to process it ... that's why signposting the structure and organisation of the talk is important.
Xiao Li: That seemed OK, no one mentioned that as a problem. Some people said that we could have had more on the slides… like some of the other groups had nearly everything they said written up on the visuals as well, but other people said the slides were good, they had just the key point...
Tutor: Yes.
Sharon: And most people said we had quite good eye contact and body language. They all pointed out we'd over run... they all said we were five minutes over but we timed it afterwards on the video and it was only three minutes.
Xiao Li: We were a bit unsure about the background reading at first, but I think we did as much as we could in the time... anyway, no one commented on that under content, but one thing that did come out was that they liked the fact we'd done research on both Northern Ireland and China most other people had just based their research on one country. We managed to get quite a lot of data from the Internet, although we had to do our own analysis and we did our own surveys as well in both countries. So the class gave us best feedback for content but it was all OK.
Tutor: Right. Well, that's quite similar to the feedback I'm giving you I was very impressed by the amount of work you'd done and by your research methodology... so, actually, I’m giving you full marks for content, five. The structure of the presentation was good, but not quite as good as the content, so. I gave that four, and the same for technique. So, well done.
Xiao Li/Sharon: Thank you.
Tutor: Now, the next stage is to write up your report. So, just a few pointers for you here. First of all, in your presentation think your ending was rather abrupt - you suddenly just stopped talking. It wasn't a big problem but think about your dosing sentences in your report - you want to round it off well. One thing I forgot to mention earlier was that I felt a very strong point was that after you'd given your results, you explained then limitations.
Xiao Li: The fact that we didn't have a very reliable sample in terms of age in China?
Tutor: Yes, that section. So don't forget to include that. And you had some excellent charts and diagrams, but maybe you could flesh out the literature review a bit. I can give you some ideas for that later on if you want. OK, is there anything else you want to ask?
Xiao Li/Sharon: No... Thank you. / Thanks. 

 Complete the sentences below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

1.
limitations literature end/ending


The tutor says that the   of the presentation seemed rather sudden.

The tutor praises the students′ discussion of the   of their results.

The tutor suggests that they could extend the   review in their report.



Script:

 Tutor: OK. Now, I also asked you to get some peer evaluation, from the other students.

Sharon: Yes, er, well, people said it was interesting, like the fact that in China the Internet was used more for shopping than in Northern Ireland. They said sometimes it was a bit hard to understand because we were talking quite fast... but we didn't think so when we watched the video.

Tutor: No, it’s a bit different though, because you know all this information already. Mmm. If you're hearing it for the first time, you need more time to process it ... that's why signposting the structure and organisation of the talk is important.
Xiao Li: That seemed OK, no one mentioned that as a problem. Some people said that we could have had more on the slides… like some of the other groups had nearly everything they said written up on the visuals as well, but other people said the slides were good, they had just the key point...
Tutor: Yes.
Sharon: And most people said we had quite good eye contact and body language. They all pointed out we'd over run... they all said we were five minutes over but we timed it afterwards on the video and it was only three minutes.
Xiao Li: We were a bit unsure about the background reading at first, but I think we did as much as we could in the time... anyway, no one commented on that under content, but one thing that did come out was that they liked the fact we'd done research on both Northern Ireland and China most other people had just based their research on one country. We managed to get quite a lot of data from the Internet, although we had to do our own analysis and we did our own surveys as well in both countries. So the class gave us best feedback for content but it was all OK.
Tutor: Right. Well, that's quite similar to the feedback I'm giving you I was very impressed by the amount of work you'd done and by your research methodology... so, actually, I’m giving you full marks for content, five. The structure of the presentation was good, but not quite as good as the content, so. I gave that four, and the same for technique. So, well done.
Xiao Li/Sharon: Thank you.
Tutor: Now, the next stage is to write up your report. So, just a few pointers for you here. First of all, in your presentation think your ending was rather abrupt - you suddenly just stopped talking. It wasn't a big problem but think about your dosing sentences in your report - you want to round it off well. One thing I forgot to mention earlier was that I felt a very strong point was that after you'd given your results, you explained then limitations.
Xiao Li: The fact that we didn't have a very reliable sample in terms of age in China?
Tutor: Yes, that section. So don't forget to include that. And you had some excellent charts and diagrams, but maybe you could flesh out the literature review a bit. I can give you some ideas for that later on if you want. OK, is there anything else you want to ask?
Xiao Li/Sharon: No... Thank you. / Thanks. 

 Choose the correct answer. 
 
 
1. Look at three bar charts above. Which bar chart represents the marks given by the tutor? ................
A. bar chart C
B. bar chart B
C. bar chart A
Explain:
2. Sharon and Xiao Li were surprised when the class said ................
A. their talk was not well organised.
B. they included too much information.
C. they spoke too quickly.
Explain:
3. The class gave Sharon and Xiao Li conflicting feedback on their................
A. use of eye contact.
B. timing.
C. use of visuals.
Explain:
4. The class thought that the presentation was different from the others because ................
A. the background reading was more extensive.
B. the data collection was more wide-ranging.
C. the analysis was more detailed.
Explain:
Section 4

Script:

Lecturer: Good afternoon, everybody. Today I'll be talking about the issue of waste, which has become an immense problem in today's society. We face huge challenges in terms of reducing its creation in the first place and then in dealing with it when it has been created. Now, the model of nature would be our idea! - a completely cyclical system in which no excess waste is generated that can't be processed by itself. However, we humans have proved, despite our apparent intelligence and ingenuity, quite incapable of achieving this. Where did it all go wrong? We have evidence that in ancient Greece and Rome governments operated municipal waste collection, and a huge Stone Age mound was identified some years ago in Norway as waste disposal, so we can see that people have been generating waste for a very long time indeed. However, during the Dark Ages, sophisticated municipal waste processing disappeared. The medieval answer to waste was to throw it out of the window. But this waste, apart from broken pottery and a few metal objects, was largely organic. This meant, of course, that it was quickly absorbed into the environment by the natural processes of decay. However, many concerned people, such as doctors, claimed that this created health problems, although it wasn't until science produced convincing evidence of the connection between rubbish and disease that governments began to see the importance of dealing with the problem effectively. Unfortunately, their response has remained slower than the generation of waste. It is very hard to deal with waste that won't melt into the environment, as so many of our modern consumer goods won't, and that's why the invention of plastic has caused the worst headache for the environment - it's more than nature can deal with.

Answer the questions below. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
1.
plastic disease Norway organic


Where was a Stone Age rubbish dump found?  
In Medieval times, what type of waste was most common?  
What did science link with waste?  
Which invention is the biggest problem for the environment?  


Script:

In order to address the root of the problem of waste, we need to think about what has made the quantity of waste accelerate in growth. I'd identify three main reasons. As many countries became industrialised, we saw the advent of mass manufacturing. This has been enormously damaging, as it has greatly increased the amount of things on the planet's surface which don't go away by themselves. Closely related to this is packaging - necessary for transporting things around the world, but then extremely difficult to get rid of properly. And a third aspect to the problem has been disposable goods. We have become accustomed to so many things being to use and then discard that we find it hard to imagine life without them. And yet we spare little thought for where they go when we do discard them.

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
1.
disposable goods packaging mass manufacturing


List THREE factors which led to the increase in waste (as mentioned order).
(1)  
(2)  
(3)  



Script:

Right now, let's move on from where all this waste comes from to what is done with it all now it's here. Different countries deal with waste differently. Of course, each country also changes what it does, so the figures for waste treatment I've got here are likely to change in the future. Let's look at Municipal Solid Waste, or MSW. MSW is important to consider because it's effectively a measurement of consumerism - how much waste people produce that goes beyond the absolute basic requirements in life to eat and drink. One of the main ways of dealing with MSW is incineration - burning it. This is adopted variously around the world. The UK burns relatively little waste, as does the US, while Denmark burns about half of all waste, and Japan uses this method for as much as three quarters. These are broad brush strokes, of course, because an important issue is how efficient and clean the burning process is. Another major form of waste treatment is using landfill sites - basically, burying the waste in the earth. Currently, this method is the dominant process used in the UK at over 80%. and is also heavily used in Germany and in the US, while densely populated and mountainous countries such as Switzerland and Japan dispose of relatively little this way. A third - and much better way of dealing with waste is to recycle it, turning it back into more things we need. It must be said that much depends here on whether further waste is generated by the recycling processes themselves. The UK and Japan have rather poor records in recycling, while Switzerland tops the table in this respect, and reasonably impressive levels are achieved by Denmark and Germany. I really hope that if we all gathered here again ten years from now, these figures would be much higher. Time - and a lot of effort - will tell.

Choose the correct answer.
1. Which country uses the highest proportion of incineration method of waste disposal?
A. USA
B. UK
C. Switzerland
D. Denmark
E. Japan
F. Germany
Explain:
2. Which country uses the highest proportion of landfill method of waste disposal?
A. UK
B. Germany
C. USA
D. Japan
E. Switzerland
F. Denmark
Explain:
3. Which country uses the highest proportion of recycling method of waste disposal?
A. Germany
B. Japan
C. Switzerland
D. USA
E. UK
F. Denmark
Explain:
Passage 1

 

The following table gives information about immunisation.

 
IMMUNISATION CALENDAR
AGE
DISEASE
VACCINE
2 months
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis
DTPw*
 
Poliomyelitis
OPV-Sabin vaccine
 
Hib
Hib vaccine (HbOC or PRP-OMP)**
4 months
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis
DTPw*
 
Poliomyelitis
OPV-Sabin vaccine
 
Hib
Hib vaccine (HbOC or PRP-OMP)**
6 months
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis
DTPw*
 
Poliomyelitis
OPV-Sabin vaccine
 
Hib (HbOC schedule only)
Hib vaccine (HbOC)
12 months
Measles, Mumps, Rubella
MMR
 
Hib (PRP-OMP schedule only)
Hib vaccine (PRP-OMP)
18 months
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis,
DTPa or DTPw
 
Hib (HbOC schedule only)
Hib vaccine (HbOC)
Prior to school—4-5 years (+)
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis
DTPa or DTPw
 
Poliomyelitis
OPV-Sabin vaccine
 
(+) Attendance for these booster injections is essential.
* DTP is the abbreviation for diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, commonly referred to by the trade name “Triple Antigen”
** Abbreviations for haemophilus influenzae Type b (Hib) vaccines: HbOC is “HibTITER”; PRP-OMP is “PedvaxHIB”. HbOC (‘HibTITER’) is given at two, four, six and 18 months. PRP-OMP (PedvaxHIB) is given at two, four and 12 months.

 


Using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS taken from the table, answer the following questions.


1.
Triple Antigen HibTITER


What is a common name for the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis combination vaccine?  


What does the abbreviation HbOC stand for?  



Answer the questions by choosing the correct answer. 


1. Which of the following would be an appropriate schedule for Type b influenza?
A. 2,4,6 and 18 months
B. 2,4,8 and 12 months
C. 4,6 and 12 months
D. 2,4 and 6 months
Explain:
2,4,6 and 18 months. This answer is also found in the same section as the answer to question 2. There are two possible schedules given for Type b influenza: HbOC at 2,4,6 and 18 months or PRP-OMP at 2,4 and 12 months. A, C and D do not describe either of these schedules.


2. The symbol (+) indicates
A. the information has been adapted from The Australian Immunisation Handbook
B. abbreviations for haemophilus influenzae
C. booster injections are necessary
D. pre-school children
Explain:
booster injections are necessary. Symbols such as t or an * refer you to an explanatory note, usually found at the bottom of the page or below a chart or table. They do not refer you to the information within the text. .

 

Questions and Answers about Immunisation

 
(A) For polio, Sabin oral vaccine is given by mouth-a few drops of pleasantly flavoured syrup on a spoon. For diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough a combined vaccine (triple antigen) is given by injection-a quick prick from the needle, over in a few seconds. Measles and rubella vaccine are also given by injection.
(B) There are sometimes mild side effects to the triple antigen vaccine. These may include some local redness, tenderness and swelling at the site of the injection during the 48-hour period which follows it. There may also be slight nausea, fretfulness and feverishness. Major reactions are extremely rare.
Possible reactions to measles immunisation include fever, rash and a stuffy nose about 5-12 days after the injection. These symptoms last about 2-3 days, do not cause much discomfort and normally do not require treatment. The child is not infective to others.
(C) A full course of immunisation will still give protection when completed, even if it does not strictly follow the Health Commission's recommended schedule.
(D) Although two months is the recommended starting age, immunisation will be equally effective if commenced in older children. The early start is advised because whooping cough is most serious in young babies. Immunisation can still ensure protection for children over eight years and adults, provided the vaccine appropriate to their age is used.
(E) If a child has diarrhoea, Sabin oral vaccine should not be given. If a child vomits within two hours of taking Sabin oral vaccine, the dose should be repeated.
Before you have your child immunised, please tell the doctor if your child:
• Is suffering from any sickness or allergy;
• Has had a severe reaction to a previous immunisation such as persistent screaming or persistent vomiting, or collapse, or convulsions, or fever exceeding 29.5°C;
• Has ever had fits, or if other members of the family have had an illness of the nervous system or convulsions;
• Has had a blood transfusion or an injection of gamma globulin in the last three months;
• Is under treatment with a cortisone-like drug.
(F) For some children the Hepatitis B vaccine may also be recommended. Please consult your doctor for advice.
(G)
• Your doctor, or
• Your local council, or
• Community Health Centres in some Health Regions
 

 

The text about immunisation gives the answers to questions commonly asked by parents.

There are 7 sections A-G. Choose the most suitable heading for each section from the list below. NB: There are more headings than sections so you will not use all of them. You may use any of the headings more than once.


1. Section A
A. Special note
B. How to treat reactions to immunisation
C. Who should be immunised?
D. What if the course is interrupted?
E. Will baby have a reaction to the injection?
F. Why should children be immunised?
G. What if the child is older?
H. How is immunisation done?
I. Where to go for immunisation?
G. Are there any special precautions to take when immunising?
Explain:
Section A describes how immunisation is done, the process.


2. Section B
A. What if the course is interrupted?
B. Who should be immunised?
C. What if the child is older?
D. Will baby have a reaction to the injection?
E. Where to go for immunisation?
F. Are there any special precautions to take when immunising?
G. How is immunisation done?
H. How to treat reactions to immunisation
I. Why should children be immunised?
G. Special note
Explain:
Section B describes some possible side effects or reactions to vaccines.


3. Section C
A. Will baby have a reaction to the injection?
B. What if the course is interrupted?
C. How to treat reactions to immunisation
D. Special note
E. What if the child is older?
F. How is immunisation done?
G. Who should be immunised?
H. Where to go for immunisation?
I. Are there any special precautions to take when immunising?
G. Why should children be immunised?
Explain:
Section C tells you that an interruption to the normal schedule will not reduce the effectiveness of the vaccination.


4. Section D
A. Who should be immunised?
B. Are there any special precautions to take when immunising?
C. How is immunisation done?
D. Special note
E. Will baby have a reaction to the injection?
F. What if the child is older?
G. What if the course is interrupted?