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English 12: Unit 15: Women in society

Read the passage and choose the correct answer:

Between 1977 and 1981, three groups of American women, numbering 27 in all, between the ages of 35 and 65, were given month-long tests to determine how they would respond to conditions resembling those abroad the space shuttle.
Though carefully selected from among many applicants, the women volunteers and pay was barely above the minimum wage. They were not allowed to smoke or drink alcohol during the tests, and they were expected to tolerate each other's company at close quarters for the entire period. Among other things, they had to stand pressure three times the force of gravity and carry both mental tasks while exhausted from strenuous physical exercise. At the end of ten days, they had to spend a further twenty days absolutely confined to bed, during which time they suffered backaches and other discomforts, and when they were finally allowed up, the more physically active women especially subject to pains due to a slight calcium loss.
Results of the tests suggest that women will have significant advantages over men in space. They need less food and less oxygen and they stand up to radiation better. Men's advantages in terms of strength and stamina, meanwhile, are virtually wiped out by the zero-gravity condition in space.

1. For how long was each woman tested?
A. twenty days
B. twenty-seven months
C. one month
D. four days

2. What was the average number of women in each group tested?
A. 27
B. 9
C. 33
D. 50

3. Which of the following can be infered from the passage?
A. The women were tested once a year from 1977 to 1981.
B. The tests were carried out on women of all ages.
C. The tests were not carried out aboard the space shuttles.
D. The women involved had had previous physical fitness training.

4. According to the passage, physical and mental tasks were carried out by the women ............... .
A. after they were subjected to unusual pressure
B. prior to strenuous exercise
C. before they were subjected to unusual pressure
D. following tenuous exercise

5. The calcium lost particularly affected ............... .
A. those who had suffered backaches
B. those who were generally very active
C. all the women tested
D. those who had been particularly active in the previous ten days
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