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English 11: Unit 8: Celebrations

Read the passage and choose the correct answer:

Thanksgiving is celebrated in the US on the fourth Thursday in November. For many Americans it is the most important holiday apart from Christmas. Schools, offices and most businesses close for Thanksgiving, and many people make the whole weekend a vacation.
Thanksgiving is associated with the time when Europeans first came to North America. In 1620 the ship the Mayflowers arrived, bringing about 150 people who today are usually called Pilgrims. They arrived at the beginning of a very hard winter and could not find enough to eat, so many of them died. But in the following summer Native Americans showed them what foods were safe to eat, so that they could save food for the next winter. They held a big celebration to thank God and the Native Americans for the fact that they had survived. Today people celebrate Thanksgiving to remember these early days.
The most important part of the celebration is a traditional dinner with foods that come from North America. The meal includes turkey, sweet potatoes (also called yams) and cranberries, which are made into a kind of sauce or jelly. The turkey is filled with stuffing or dressing, and many families have their own special recipe. Dessert is pumpkin made into a pie.
On Thanksgiving there are special television programs and sports events. In New York there is the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, when a long line of people wearing fancy costumes march through the streets with large balloons in- the shape of imaginary characters. Thanksgiving is considered the beginning of the Christmas period, and the next day many people go out to shop for Christmas presents.


1. In the United States, Thanksgiving is ............... .
A. celebrated as a public holiday
B. a religious celebration held by Christians only
C. apart from Christmas
D. more important than Christmas
Explain:


2. According to the passage Pilgrims are ............... .
A. people who left their home and went to live in Nor
B. trips that religious people make to a holy place .
C. Native Americans who live in North America
D. people who travelled to America by ships
Explain:


3. All of the following statements are mentioned EXCEPT ............... .
A. People go to churches for religious services on Thanksgiving.
B. There are lots of entertainments on Thanksgiving
C. People usually have traditional dinners on Thanksgiving
D. People celebrate Thanksgiving to thank God
Explain:


4. On thanksgiving ............... .
A. turkey, yams and pumpkin pies are served
B. people wear coloured carnival masks matching through the streets
C. people join in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
D. people go out to shop for Christmas presents
Explain:


5. Which of the following is not true?
A. Christmas comes Jess than a month after Thanksgiving.
B. Thanksgiving was originally celebrated by the first, Europeans in North America to thank God for their survival.
C. The Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade are colourful and exciting
D. In the US, Thanksgiving is not a national holiday; it's a religious holiday.
Explain:
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