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English 11: Unit 7: World population

Read the passage and choose the correct answer:

No one knows the limits of population that the earth can support. Thomas Malthus, an English economist, developed a theory that became widely accepted in the nineteenth century. He suggested that because world population tended to increase more rapidly than the food supply, a continual strain was exerted upon available resources. Malthus cited wars, famines, epidemics, and other diseases as the usual limitations of population growth.
With recent advances in science and technology, including improved agricultural methods and great strides in medicine, some of the limiting factors in population growth have been lessened, with obvious results.
International organizations have put forward several recommendations to alleviate the problem of overpopulation, including an increase in food production, general economic development in target areas, and a decrease in birth rate. Most experts agree that it will be necessary to combine all three recommendations in an effort to affect a lasting solution.

1. It was suggested by Thomas Malthus that ............... .
A. The rapid growth of population led to an acute shortage of natural resources
B. Rapid population growth put a great strain on available resources
C. Pressures on natural resources will increase as we face a population explosion
D. food was in short supply because of population increase

2. Which of the following was not mentioned as the usual limitations of population growth?
A. agricultural methods
B. famines
C. epidemics
D. wars

3. According to the passage, why has overpopulation been caused?
A. Precaution
B. Disasters
C. Improved technology
D. Scarcity

4. What do most experts recommend in order to solve problems of overpopulation?
A. Medical advance and improved agricultural methods
B. Conservation of available resources
C. Economic development and a decline in birth rate
D. Famine and epidemic

5. Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
A. Medical advance has lessened some of the limiting
B. International organizations arc seeking a lasting
C. The earth have enough resources to support all of
D. The theory developed by Thomas Malthus was believe
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