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English 11: Unit 11: Sources of energy

Read the passage and choose the correct answer:

The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions. Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity- Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an efficient way to dispose of wastes. Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale, and coal tars. But to date, that process has proven expensive. Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills. Geothermal power is also being tested. Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived from streams and rivers. Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United States, but to day it supplies only 4 percent. The oceans are another potential source of energy. Scientists are studying ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to electricity. Experiments are also underway to make use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy.

1. What is the best title of the passage?
A. The Use of Water Products for Energy
B. New Discoveries in Geothermal Power
C. Efficient Ways of Disposing of Waste
D. The Search for Alternative Sources of Energy

2. What provided one third of the electricity in the United States fifty years ago?
A. water
B. waste products
C. oil
D. wind

3. What could Rest replace the phrase ′geothermal power′ in the passage?
A. water in the ocean, lake, or river
B. gases in the earth's atmosphere
C. heat from the earth
D. steam that shot up out of the earth

4. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy?
A. Electricity
B. Synthetic fuels
C. Burning of garbage
D. Geothermal power

5. According to the author, what is the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars′ as sources of energy due to?
A. They are non-renewable resources
B. They take a lot of time
C. They are scarce resources
D. They are expensive

6. What can be inferred from the paragraph?
A. Alternative energy will come from a variety of sources.
B. All alternative production of energy will be derived from water.
C. Synthetic fuels will be the principal source of alternative energy.
D. Hydroelectric power will be the main source of energy.
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